The Impending Rescheduling of Cannabis in the US and Its Industry-Wide Impact

Industry players who significantly capitalize on the regulatory changes could achieve major international growth.

The global cannabis industry is on the verge of a transformative shift, driven by significant regulatory developments in the United States and Europe. The Biden administration’s proposal to reschedule cannabis from Schedule I to Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) could dramatically reshape the industry, providing financial relief and opening new growth avenues for cannabis companies.

The Push for Cannabis Rescheduling

The movement to reschedule cannabis reflects a broader acknowledgment of its medical benefits and the necessity for regulatory reform. Currently classified as a Schedule I substance, cannabis is deemed to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use, placing it alongside heroin. This classification imposes severe restrictions on research, commerce, and taxation of cannabis-related activities.

Financial Relief and Industry Growth

One of the most immediate and impactful changes of rescheduling cannabis to Schedule III would be the elimination of Section 280E of the Internal Revenue Code. This provision currently prohibits cannabis businesses from deducting typical business expenses, leading to disproportionately high tax burdens compared to other industries. Allowing these deductions would align the tax treatment of cannabis businesses with other sectors, significantly boosting profitability.

Eliminating Section 280E restrictions could free up substantial funds for reinvestment in operations, research and development, and market expansion. Lower operational costs could also be passed on to consumers, making medical cannabis more accessible and affordable. Improved tax conditions could reduce the stigma associated with cannabis businesses, facilitating easier access to loans, credit lines, and other financial services.

Broader Economic and Social Implications

The potential rescheduling of cannabis carries far-reaching implications beyond financial relief for businesses. Advocacy groups and social workers have been vocal in urging President Biden to fully decriminalize marijuana, arguing that rescheduling alone does not address the systemic injustices caused by decades of prohibition. Nearly 150 social workers recently urged the President to remove marijuana entirely from the CSA, highlighting the disproportionate impact on communities of color and the ongoing social and economic harms of criminalization.

The current patchwork of state and local laws has created significant disparities in opportunities and outcomes across the country. While communities in legal states benefit from regulated marijuana sales and the economic opportunities they bring, other areas continue to face severe penalties. Full decriminalization could mitigate these disparities, ensuring more equitable access to the benefits of legalization.

Opportunities for Growth and Innovation

The rescheduling of cannabis could unlock new opportunities for growth and innovation within the industry. Companies would be able to deduct business expenses, leading to increased profitability and the potential for reinvestment in various areas, including research, development, and expansion into new markets. This financial relief could also result in lower prices for consumers, making medical cannabis more accessible and affordable.

Additionally, reduced stigma and improved financial services could facilitate easier access to loans, credit lines, and banking services, further supporting business expansion. Enhanced tax relief could foster more competitive market pricing, decreasing the allure of the illicit market and driving industry growth.

How companies could benefit from Rescheduling

One company that stands to benefit significantly from these changes is InterCure, known as Canndoc in Israel. Founded in 2008, InterCure has established itself as a leader in the pharmaceutical cannabis sector, producing high-quality, GMP-standard cannabis. The company’s vertically integrated model, which controls cultivation, processing, distribution, and sales through its network of 29 pharmacies in Israel, allows it to maximize profitability and maintain operational flexibility.

Expansion into Europe

According to a recent analyst report by Zuanic and Associates, InterCure’s strategic initiatives in Europe, particularly in Germany, underscore its growth potential. The German medical cannabis market is experiencing rapid expansion due to regulatory reforms that have removed cannabis from the list of narcotic substances. This change facilitates easier access to medical cannabis and could lead to full insurance coverage, similar to other medications under comprehensive German health insurance.

Moreover, according to the same report, InterCure’s experience in the highly regulated Israeli market provides a competitive edge as it expands into Europe. The company’s expertise in producing pharmaceutical-grade cannabis, combined with its established partnerships, positions it well to capture significant market share in Germany and other European countries.

Potential Impact in the U.S. Market

The report also highlights that while InterCure’s success in Europe is notable, its potential for growth in the U.S. market could be even more transformative. The company’s expertise in meeting stringent regulatory standards and producing high-quality medical cannabis positions it well to enter the U.S. market, especially if cannabis is rescheduled to Schedule III. This rescheduling would not only allow InterCure to benefit from the same financial relief as other U.S. companies but also leverage its established pharmaceutical-grade production capabilities.

The potential rescheduling of cannabis in the U.S. also has broader implications for the industry. Advocacy groups and social workers have called for full decriminalization, arguing that rescheduling alone does not address the systemic injustices caused by decades of prohibition. Nearly 150 social workers recently urged President Biden to remove marijuana entirely from the CSA, highlighting the disproportionate impact on communities of color and the ongoing social and economic harms of criminalization.


The impending rescheduling of cannabis presents a pivotal opportunity for the global cannabis industry. The shift to Schedule III would provide significant financial relief, enabling growth and innovation while making medical cannabis more accessible and affordable. As companies navigate these changes, the industry as a whole stands to benefit from increased profitability, lower operational costs, and improved access to financial services.

InterCure, with its strong market position, financial stability, and strategic expansion plans, could be well positioned to leverage these regulatory reforms to drive growth and social impact. The evolving landscape promises to reshape the cannabis sector, offering new opportunities for companies ready to capitalize on this transformative moment. The broader industry must continue to advocate for full decriminalization to ensure equitable access and address the longstanding injustices of cannabis prohibition.

This article coverage is for informational purposes only and is not intended to serve as medical, professional or financial advice. Please refer to our full documentation & disclaimers.